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Published images also become part of the permanent record preserved on the internet. Much of the data Silver crunches come from polls, one of the most common topics of election coverage.

Politics: The Media - Civics State Exam

The media flock to the front-runners. Ryan Lund is a senior double-majoring in cinema studies and journalism, with a minor in business administration.


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This is his first year as a digital content creator, with a specialization in videography and video editing, for the SOJC Communications office. He has also worked extensively with the Science and Memory project. Aaron Nelson is a senior studying journalism at the SOJC with a focus in photo and multimedia journalism. He has also held previous internships with Scout Recruiting and the music-review website Daily-Beat. Schaeffer is a veteran of the United States Air Force. She will be graduating in December with honors and moving to Los Angeles to pursue a career in advertising.

You can view her work at karlydewees. SOJC Students. P: F: P: Google Tag Manager. Apply Visit Give Navigation. Learn More.

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Politics and the Media

We also use this information to show you ads for similar films you may like in the future. Like Verizon Media, our partners may also show you ads that they think match your interests. This type of journalism is always premeditated and used to defame or discredit interviewees by portraying them as self-contradictory, malevolent, unqualified, or immoral.

This effect is also achieved by replaying selected quotes from public speeches, followed by hand-picked footage or images that appear to reinforce negative images of the interviewee. Other examples of gotcha journalism include misleading an interviewee about which portions of his or her statements will be aired, or misleading an audience about how an expert opinion is acquired. Take, for instance, a special feature on drug use in schools. John Q. Smith to comment on drug use in schools.

Smith is in denial over drugs in school. Alternatively, if Dr. Most commonly, this manifests by finding footage of exceptions to a generalization given by a speaker or interviewee. For example, in the weeks following Hurricane Katrina public officials stated that progress was being made.

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A number of news outlets transmitted these statements, followed by footage of flooded homes, abandoned neighborhoods, and interviews with many people still affected by the disaster. The officials may or may not have been lying, but showing some continuing problems does not prove lack of progress in general.

Sullivan , U. Public figures could no longer sue for libel, regardless of the bias of news media, without proof that the media had acted maliciously.


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Spencer in the Los Angeles Times in Her bid for Vice President was marred by numerous misstatements which she blamed on gotcha questions. Sarah Palin : Sarah Palin was very critical of adversarial journalism during her campaign bid in Skip to main content.

The Role of the Media in Politics - Ethics Sage

The Media. Search for:. Learning Objectives Evaluate the claim that press freedom is compromised by increasing consolidation in the media industry. Key Takeaways Key Points Media in the United States has taken several forms, including television, film, radio and blogs. Media frequently gains power through its support from large corporations, and is often criticized by the public for such alliances. Reporters Without Borders publishes a yearly ranking on the level of free media in each country.

Key Terms blog : A website that allows users to reflect, share opinions, and discuss various topics in the form of an online journal while readers may comment on posts. Most blogs are written in a slightly informal tone personal journals, news, businesses, etc. Entries typically appear in reverse chronological order.

The Role of the Media in Politics

Regulation of Broadcast Media Broadcasting media has been regulated since the s to ensure balanced and fair coverage, along with coverage of relevant, local issues. Learning Objectives Summarize key developments in the history of broadcasting law. By , the Fairness Doctrine ensured that networks had to cover opposing perspectives on controversial issues.

The Reagan Administration tried to eliminate the Fairness Doctrine, but the policy is still in effect today. Key Terms broadcasting : transmitting, sending out messages omnidirectionally. Organization and Ownership of the Media Media consolidation has resulted in fewer companies owning more media sources, thereby increasing the concentration of ownership. Learning Objectives Discuss the recent history of media consolidation. Key Takeaways Key Points In the United States, movies have experienced conglomerate ownership since the early twentieth century, but just recently have news and broadcasting in the United States started to experience it.

The Telecommunications Act of allowed for cross media, and since then Clear Channel Telecommunications have acquired many radio stations. The twentieth century has also seen many forms of media merging. Nationalization of the News While local news is still available, it is becoming increasingly nationalized and local outlets are being purchased larger, national networks. Learning Objectives Describe the phenomena associated with the nationalization of the news.

Key Takeaways Key Points Local channels are facing challenges such as the advent of new technology and a competitive market. Bigger networks are able to use the technology needed to provide fast-paced news. Key Terms cable : communications A system for receiving television or Internet service over coaxial or fibreoptic cables.

Agenda-Setting Theory Agenda-setting is a psychological process whereby the media continuously covers an issue so viewers think its a top-priority issue. Key Takeaways Key Points Drs. McCombs and Shaw did a study based on the election and discovered the correlation between what news viewers watched and their perception of important events. Mass communication is defined as the process whereby professional communicators use technological devices to share messages over great distances to influence large audiences.